Unanswered questions on recent leftist alliance
The recent news on the alliance, and possible unification, of several ‘so-called leftist parties’ came with a surprise. Looking at the reactions in social media including the cadres of these allying parties, this was really an unexpected incident in the political history of Nepal.
I am using the word ‘so-called leftist’ here, for I believe that most of the communist parties in Nepal appear to be communist in name only without any sign of communism in their practices. If these political parties are following communism, they need to at least demonstrate their pragmatic implications on the Marxist ideology.
I don’t want to go in details here on Marxism but at least with an overview of what it is, and how it is applied; I see that those political parties who claim to be communist need to be working for benefit of the common people in Nepal, not the capitalist class of the society. This is hard to expect when we look at the financial status of most leaders of these political parties and how their family members enjoy capitalist way of life. How can one claim to work for the benefit of working class when they themselves proudly flaunt their ownership class status?
Although they seem to be very much communist while in opposition, whether about the 'Indian semi-colonial status' in Nepal or American hegemony, this has never been evident while they actually come into power and rule Nepal. These so-called communist parties were in the government one time or the other, and except for a few instances, their policies and their works have never been in line with the communist ideology. They seem to be working more for the capitalist economy and adopting neo-liberal ideology, aligning their pragmatism and policies with neo-liberal ideology. Leaving aside all the ideologies attached to their name, I see almost all political parties just working toward one goal: which is how to reach the top most position of the country, and remain there for as long as possible. I don’t understand what type of ideology this is.
Given the existing political scenario, many questions are playing in my mind about the possible beneficial outcomes of the planned unification of the leftist parties in Nepal. Questions such as: Is it only for the sake of coming to power? Will it last longer than the most examples of unification for power or will it continue the trend of making and breaking a political party, or is it different?
I hope this is a unique history in our political landscape and will bring better future for Nepal. Thinking in a more constructive way, I believe that it can be a great step ahead provided everyone learnt lessons from what has happened so far in Nepali politics. Although general rule is that fair competition is beneficial, our political environment since the 1990s has been destructive rather than being constructive. These days Nepalis are quite confused about the multicity of political parties and their mismatched ideology and practice. People have not been properly using the people's power, and are influenced by different possible benefits while making their decision in the election as a result.
Although a small country, Nepal has experienced many political changes in the last decade that have made it a fragile and unstable nation which is not what we expected when we fought for democracy in early 1990s and subsequently for a republic after the turn of the century. We need to learn lessons from this experience and it is high time we all think about building sustainable future of Nepal. This is possible if the existing parties are united into at least three major parties-one leftist, second one representing Nepali Congress and its possible democratic allies, and the third representing the royalists.
These parties need to compete with each other with their ideology and policy debate instead of personal egos. The unified communist party needs to align their policy debate from the perspective of Marxism whether it is 21st century Marxism while Nepali Congress and its democratic alliance needs to align their thinking and pragmatic practices with democratic socialism originally practice by BP Koirala.
Similarly, the royalists need to work on the debate of the possibility of monarchy in the 21st century. These three parties need to work on their ideology closely and derive policy out of this, and leave the decision at the hands of the people. This is the only way to sustainable future for Nepal.